Volume 7, Issue 3, May 2019, Page: 71-76
Comparative Study of the Genetic Variability of Sitophilus Zeamais Subservient to 2 Host Plants (Millet and Maize) in Senegal (West Africa)
Ngagne Demba Sarr, Faculty of Sciences and Technology (Fst), University Cheikh Anta DIOP (UCAD), Dakar, Republic of Senegal
Dethie Ngom, Faculty of Sciences and Technology (Fst), University Cheikh Anta DIOP (UCAD), Dakar, Republic of Senegal
Mbacke Sembene, Faculty of Sciences and Technology (Fst), University Cheikh Anta DIOP (UCAD), Dakar, Republic of Senegal
Received: Aug. 21, 2019;       Accepted: Sep. 20, 2019;       Published: Sep. 30, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajbio.20190703.12      View  512      Downloads  128
Millet and maize, because of the importance of their yields, constitute a reliable alternative to the question of sovereignty and food security. These cereals are exploited in all agroecological zones of Senegal. But their stocks, especially those of maize, are deteriorated by Sitophilus Zeamais, a beetle of the Curculionidae. It is therefore necessary to find natural solutions that are healthier than the use of pesticides which is harmful to living beings and the environment. This article makes a comparative study of the genetic diversity of the populations of this insect individually subservient to maize and to millet. The importance of this study is to find a genetic explanation for the differential vulnerability of these host plants to Sitophilus Zeamais, because the genetic diversity influences the adaptability of the individual and consequently its development. For this, insects Sitophilus Zeamais subservient on the one hand to maize and on the other hand to millet were collected in each agroecological zone. The exploitation of 125 sequences of the Cytochrome B gene corresponding to the individuals, by software of study in population genetics (Bioedit, DNAsp, Mega, Arlequin…) compared to parameters of genetic variability, revealed an approximately similar and high genetic diversity of the 2 populations of millet and maize. Thus, millet and maize genetically have the same effect on the adaptability of Sitophilus Zeamais.
Cytochrome B, Maize, Millet, Sitophilus Zeamais, Genetic Diversity
To cite this article
Ngagne Demba Sarr, Dethie Ngom, Mbacke Sembene, Comparative Study of the Genetic Variability of Sitophilus Zeamais Subservient to 2 Host Plants (Millet and Maize) in Senegal (West Africa), American Journal of BioScience. Vol. 7, No. 3, 2019, pp. 71-76. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbio.20190703.12
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Almeida F. C., Giannini N. P., Simmons N. B. and Helgen K. M. Phylogenetic Tree for Pteropus and Related Genera (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae). Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 2014. 77C, 83-95.
Arbogast B. S., Kenagy G. J., Comparative phylogeography as an integrative approach to historical biogeography. Journal of Biogeography, 2001. 28, 819-825.
Berthier K., Charbonnel N., Galan M., Chaval Y. & Cosson J. F. Migration and recovery of the genetic diversity during the growing density phase in cyclic flies Populations. Molecular Ecology, 2006 15, 2665-2676.
Berthier K., Galan M., Foltete J. C., Charbonnel N. & Cosson J. F. Genetic structure of the cyclic fossorial water flies (Arvicola terrestris): landscape and demographic influences. Journal of Molecular Ecology, 2005. 14, 2861-2872.
Chala NAFKHA, S. EZZEDDINE, B. CHEMMAM, O. JARDOUI and K. FADHLAOUI-ZID: Analysis of the cytochrome b gene of mitochondrial DNA in Octopus octopus VULGARIS (CEPHALOPDA, OCTOPODA) of North and South Tunisian coasts. p. 35-36; P. 38-40. Vol. 41 p.
Diome T., Ndiaye A., Ndong A., Doumma A., Sanon A., Ketoh G. K., Sembene M. Genetic identification of West African ecotypes of the groundnut seed-beetle Caryedon serratus Ol., (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) – South Asian Journal of Experimental Biology, 2011. 1 (2): p. 88-93.
Diome T., Thiaw, C., Sarr, M., Ndong, A., Kane, M., Cisse, N., Sembene, M. Genetic diversity of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) population in storage infrastructures and agro ecological zones in Senegal. Int. J. Biosci. 9, 248e258. Donnelly, P., Tavare, S., 1986. The ages of alleles and a coalescent. Adv. Appl. Probab. 18, 1e19.
Diome T., Thiaw C., Ndong A., Sarr M., Kane M. &Sembene M. Haplotype diversity of Tribolium castaneum H. (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae) pest of stored millet in Senegal. Journal of cell and animal biology. 6 (13), 2012: 192-199.
Doadrio I., Carmona J. A. Phylogenetic relationships and biogeography of the genus Chondrostoma inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 2004 33, 802-815.
Dubut V., Martin JF, Gilles A., Van Houdt J., Chappaz R., Costedoat C. (in press) Isolation and characterization of polymorphic microsatellite loci for the dance complex: Leuciscus (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Molecular Ecology Resources, 2009 doi: 10.1111/j.1755-0998.2009.02594.x.
Mbacké S., Kébé k., Delobel A. Effet structurant de la plante hôte sur la bruche de l'arachide, Caryedon serratus. Biotecnol. Agron. Soc. Environ. 2012 (1) 3-11.
Farias, I. P., Orti G., Sampaio I., Schneider H., Meyer A. - The Cytochrome b Gene as a Phylogenetic Marker: The Limits of Resolution for Analyzing Relationships Among Cichlid Fishes. Journal of Molecular Evolution, 2001, p. 53-89-103, New York.
Isman Abdi b. Diversity and genetic structuring of the populations of a devastating insect of stocks of millet in Senegal: Tribolium castaneum Herbst (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Memory of master of Genetics of the populations, University Cheikh Anta Diop of Dakar, 2012 29 p.
Kvitschal. Genetic diversity and population structure of sweet cassava using simple sequence repeat (SSR) molecular markers. African Journal of Biotechnology, 12 (10), 2013: 1040-1048.
Momar Talla G. Efficacy of powdered maize cobs against the maize weevil Sitophilus zeamais in stored maize in Senegal. International Journal of tropical insect science, 2012, Vol. 32, No. 2, 94-100.
Ndong A, Diome T, Ndiaye A, Kébé K, Thiaw C, Douma A, Ketoh G, Sanon A and Ndong A, Kébé K, Thiaw C, Diome T and Sembene M. Genetic Distribution of the Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata (L.) Walp) Bruchid (Callosobruchus Maculatus F., Coleoptera, Bruchidae) Populations in Different Agro-Ecological Areas of West Africa. J. Anim. Sci. Adv., 2 (7), 2012: 616-630.
Sembene M. Several haplotypes of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) seed-beetle, Caryedon serratus Ol. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae, Bruchinae), in West Africa: Genetic identification using 28S sequences. Afr. J. of Biotechn., 10 (55), 2011: 11409-11420.
Sembène M, Rasplus JY, Silvain JF and Delobel A. Genetic differentiation in sympatric populations of the groundnut seed beetle Caryedon serratus (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae): new insights from molecular and ecological data. Int. J. Trop. Insect Sci., 28 (3), 2008: 168-177.
Sembène M, Kébé K, Delobel A and Rasplus JY. Phylogenetic information reveals the peculiarity of Caryedon serratus (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Bruchinae) feeding on Cassia sieberiana DC (Caesalpinioideae). Afr. J. of Biotechn., 9, 2010: 1470-1480.
Sezonlin Michel. Phylogeography and genetic of the populations of the borer of cereal stems drank olafusca (fuller) (will Lepidoptera, noctuidae) in sub-Saharan Africa, implications for the biological fight against this insect. Thesis of doctorate of the University of Paris XI-Orsay, 2006 152p.
Tamura K., Peterson D., Peterson N., Stecher G., Nei M. et Kumar S. - "MEGA5: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis using Maximum Likelihood, Evolutionary Distance, and Maximum Parsimony Methods". Mol. Biol. Evol. 28 (10), 2011: 2731-2739.
Trematerra P (2009). Preferences of Sitophilus zeamais to different types of Italian commercial rice and cereal pasta. Bulletin of Insectology, 62 (1): 103-106.
Browse journals by subject