Volume 7, Issue 2, March 2019, Page: 31-37
Growth of Abelmoshus esculentus L. (Okra) and Telfairia occidentalis Hook F. (Fluted Pumpkin) Treated with Beauty Salon Wastewater
Akinbuwa Olumakinde, Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba Akoko, Nigeria
Kekere Otitoloju, Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba Akoko, Nigeria
Ezemba Constance, Department of Microbiology, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University (COOU), Anambra, Nigeria
Received: Nov. 9, 2018;       Accepted: Dec. 13, 2018;       Published: Apr. 13, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajbio.20190702.11      View  14      Downloads  8
Waste water has been identified as a widespread problem in all categories of dense settlements in Africa due to poor or absence of waste management. Beauty salons generate large amount of waste water and its indiscriminate discharge into water drains in Nigeria predisposes home gardens and water sources for irrigation to contamination, thus having contact with crops and affecting their growth. In view of this, two widely grown field and home garden vegetables in Nigeria, Abelmoschus esculentus L. (Okra) and Telfairia occidentalis HOOK F. (Fluted pumpkin), treated with beauty salon wastewater (BSWW) were assessed for growth. The plants were cultivated in experimental pots and irrigated with 0(control), 25, 50, 75 or 100% concentration of the wastewater. The experiment lasted for eight weeks and laid out in a completely randomized (CRD) design with each treatment having 6 single-plant replicates. The height of both plants increased significantly at 25-75% concentrations of BSWW when wastewater-treated plants were compared with the control. T. occidentalis produced significantly (p≤0.05) more number of leaves at 50% BSWW than the control when plants irrigated with waste water were compared with the control. The highest increase in number of A. esculentus leaves was also significant at 75% BSWW concentration. Significant (p≤0.05) increase in leaf area of T. occidentalis was recorded at 75% concentration of BSWW with 78.83cm2 compared to 48.85cm2 in the control. Similarly, A. esculentus had the highest value of leaf area that was significant at 75% concentration of wastewater when plants exposed to waste water treatment were compared with the control. At 25-75% concentrations of BSWW, a significant (p≤0.05) increase in stem girth of both plants was recorded relative to plants without wastewater treatment. The use of beauty salon wastewater in irrigation of vegetables can serve as an alternative source of fertilizer for improved growth.
Beauty Salon Wastewater, Pollution, Fertilizer, Vegetable Production
To cite this article
Akinbuwa Olumakinde, Kekere Otitoloju, Ezemba Constance, Growth of Abelmoshus esculentus L. (Okra) and Telfairia occidentalis Hook F. (Fluted Pumpkin) Treated with Beauty Salon Wastewater, American Journal of BioScience. Vol. 7, No. 2, 2019, pp. 31-37. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbio.20190702.11
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Farahat, E. and Linderholm, H. W. (2015). The effect of long-term wastewater irrigation on accumulation and transfer of heavy metals in Cupressus sempervirens leaves and adjacent soils. Science of the Total Environment, Vol: 512–513, 1-7.
Burton, F. and Stense, H. (2003).“Wastewater engineering, treatment and reuse, 4th edition”. McGraw Hill, New York, USA, 23: 3-5.
Bowers, F. Cole, K. and Hoffman, J. (2002). Characterizing beauty salon wastewater for the purpose of regulating onsite disposal systems. New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, p5.
Toetora, G. J. Funke, B. R. and Case, C. L. (1997). Environmental Microbiology: AnIntroduction. 6th Edition Benjamin Cummings Company California, p725.
Noori, M. Mahdiye, M. and Norozi, R. (2013). Wastewater irrigation effects on growth parameters of Alyssum longistilum. (Brassicaceae) a medicinal plant in Iran. The International Conference on Women in Science and Technology in the Arab Countries, pp21-23.
Kiziloglu, F. M. Turan, M. Sahin, U. Angin, I. Anapali, O. and Okuroglu, M. (2007). Effects of wastewater irrigation on soil and cabbage-plant (Brassica olerecea) chemical properties. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 170: 166-172.
Ramana S. Biswas A. K. Singh, A. B. and Yadava, R. B.(2001). Relative efficacy of different distillery effluents on growth, nitrogen fixation and yield of groundnut. Bioresource Technology, 81: 117-121.
Hylander, L. D. Kietlinska, A. and Siman, G. R. (2006). Phosphorus retention in filter materials for wastewater treatment and its subsequent suitability for plant production. Biological Resources Technology, 97: 914-921.
Thapliyal, A. Vasudevan, P. and Dastidar, M. G. (2009). Domestic wastewater for fertigation: A solution for water recycling and irrigation. Proceedings of Micropol and Ecohazard 2009. 6 I WA/ GRA Specialized Conference on assessment and control of micropollutants hazardous substances in water. 8-10 June; San Francisco, California, USA, pp 317.
Vasudevan, P. A. Thapliyal, R. K. Srivastava, A. Pandey, M. G. Dastidar. and Davies, P. (2009). Fertigation potential of domestic wastewater for tree plantations. Journal Scientific Indus. Res. 69; 146-150.
Vasudevan, P. A. Thapliyal, R. K. Srivastava, A. Pandey, M. G. Dastidar, and P. Davies. (2010). Fertigation potential of domestic wastewater for treeplantations. J. Scientific Indus. Res., 69, 146-150.
Alderfasi and Ali Abdullah. (2009). Agronomic and economic impacts of reuse secondary wastewater in irrigation under arid and semi- arid regions. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 5 (3): 369-374.
Campbel, C. A. and Davidson, H. R. (1983). Effect of temperature, nitrogen fertilization and moisture stress use by manitouspring wheat. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 59: 603626.
Shatanawi, M. and Fayyad, M. (1996). Effect of khirbet as-samra treated effluent on the quality of irrigation water in central Jordan valley. Water Research, 30(12): 2915-2920.
Vasquez-Montiel, O. N. Horan, J. Mara, D. D. Angelakis, A. and Asno, T. (1996). Management of domestic wastewater for reuse in irrigation, Water Science and Technology, 33(10-11): 355 362.
Palacios, N. P. Pard, O. A. and L. Sulos. (2000). Legumes for mediterranean forage crops, pastures and alternative uses. Proceeding of the 10th meeting of the FAO CHIEAM, Interregional Cooperative research, Cahiers Options Mediters, 45: 181-185.
Selim, M. M. (2008). Evaluation of the reuse of treated wastewater for irrigation. Acta Agronomica Hungarica, 56(4): 71-79.
Zavadil, J. (2009). The effect of municipal wastewater irrigation on the yield and quality of vegetables and crops. Soil and Water Resource, 4 (3): 91–103.
Tabari, M. Salehi, A. and Ali-Arab, A. R. (2008). Effects of waste water application on heavymetals (Mn, Fe, Cr and Cd) contamination in a black locust stand in semi-arid zone of Iran. Asian Journal of Plant Science, 7: 382-388.
Tabatabaei, S. H. Najafi, P. and Amini, H. (2007). Assessment of change in soil water contentpropertiesirrigated with industrial sugar beet wastewater. Pakistan Journal of Biological Science, 10: 1649-1654.
Mojiri, A. (2011). Effects of municipal wastewater on physical and chemical properties of salinesoil. Journal of Biological and Environmental Sciences, 5(14): 71-76.
Ogle, B. M. Johansson, M. and Tuyet, L. (2001). Evaluation of the significance of dietaryfoliage from wild vegetables in Vietnam. Asia pacific Journal of clinical nutrition, pp216-221.
Arai, S. (2002). Global view on functional foods: Asian perspectives. British Journal of Nutrition, 88: 139-143.
Kekere, O. and Omoniyi. P. A. Soil conditioner enhanced the potential of organic and inorganic fertilizers on growth and yield improvement in streak-resistant white variety of Zea mays L. American-Eurasian Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Science. 2016, 16(1): 133-139.
Eze, J. M. O. (1965). Studies on the growth regulation, salt uptake and translocation. P h. D. Thesis University of Durban England. Pp 31−33.
Arnon, D. T.(1949). Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplast: polyphenol oxidase in Betavulgaris. Plant Physiology, 24: 1- 15.
Noori, M. Mahdye, M. and Norozi, R. 2014. Effects of municipal wastewater irrigation on physiological and phytochemical parameters of Aegilopscolumnaris Zhuk (Poaceae=Graminae. International Journal In agriculture and Food Sciences, 1(4): 1-9.
Kaker, S. R., Wahid, A., Tareen, R. B., Kakar, S. A., Tariq, M. and Kayani, S. A. (2010). Impact of municipal wastewater of Quetta city on biomass, physiology and yield of canola (B. napus L.). Pakistan Journal of Botany, 42(1): 317-328.
Al-Omrana, M. I. Al-Wabela, M. I. A. A. Shalabya and M. I. Choudharya. 1998. Effect of Sewage Sludge on Some Chemical Properties of Calcereous Sandy Soils. Communi. Soil Science Plant Anal., 29: 2713-2724.
Afyuni, M. Rezainezhad, Y. and Khayambashi, B. (1998). Effects of wastewater slime on heavy metal absorption and function by lettuce and spinach. Majale Ulomva Fonone Keshavarziva Manabe Tabii, 2 (1): 19-30.
Keller, C. Grath, S. P. and Dunham, S. J. (2002). Trace metal leaching through a soil grasslan d system after sewage sludge application. Journal of Environmental Quality, 31: 1550-1560.
Bansal, S. Kapoor, K. K (2000). Vermicomposting of crop residues and cattle dug with Eiseniafetida. J of Bioresource Technology, 73: 95-8.
Details, A., Irrigation with domestic wastewater: Responses on growth and yield of ladyfinger Abelmoschus esculentus and on soil nutrients. J. Environ. Biol. 2011; 32, 645-651.
Mohammad, M. J. and Ayadi, M. (2004). Forage yield and nutrient uptake as influenced by second arytreated wastewater. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 27(2): 351-365.36.
Paliwal, K. Karunaichamy, K. S. T. K. Ananthavalli, M. (1998). Effect of sewage water irrigation on growth performance, biomass and nutrient accumulation in Hardwickiabinata under nursery conditions. Bioresource Technology, 66, 105-111.
Nissim, W. G, Jerbi, A. Lafleur, B. Fluet, R. Labrecque, M. (2015). Willows for the treatment of municipal wastewater: Performance under different irrigation rates. Ecological Engineering, Vol: 81, 395-404.
Qaryouti, M. Bani-Hani, N. Abu-Sharar, T. M. Shnikat, I. Hiari, M. Radiadeh, M. (2015). Effect of using raw waste water from food industry on soil fertility, cucumber and tomato growth, yield and fruit quality. Scientia Horticulturae.193, 99–104.
Sahai, R. and Singh, S. P. 1977. Effect of domestic waste on the growth performance of Ceratophyllumdemersum Linn. Indian J. Ecol., 4: 118-120.
Banergi, D. and Kumar, N. 1979. The twin effect of growth and heavy metal accumulation in certain crop plants by pollutedirrigation water. Indian J. Ecol., 6: 82-87.
Singh, A. and Srivastava, O. N. 1984. Effect of pesticides on the growth of Azollapinnata R. Brown. Indian J. Ecol., 11: 12-14.
Agarwal, S. C. Kumar, A. and Sharma, O. P. 1961. Effect of excess supply of heavy metals on barley during germination with special reference to catalase and peroxidase. Nature, 191: 720-727.
Sawadogo, B. Sou, M. Hijikata, N. Sangare, D. Maiga, A. and Funamizu, N.(2014). Effect of Detergents from Greywater on Irrigated Plants: Case of Okra (Abelmoschusesculentus) and Lettuce (Lactuca sativa). Journal of Arid Land Studies, 24-1, 117-120.
Browse journals by subject