Volume 7, Issue 2, March 2019, Page: 31-37
Growth of Abelmoshus esculentus L. (Okra) and Telfairia occidentalis Hook F. (Fluted Pumpkin) Treated with Beauty Salon Wastewater
Akinbuwa Olumakinde, Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba Akoko, Nigeria
Kekere Otitoloju, Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba Akoko, Nigeria
Ezemba Constance, Department of Microbiology, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University (COOU), Anambra, Nigeria
Received: Nov. 9, 2018;       Accepted: Dec. 13, 2018;       Published: Apr. 13, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajbio.20190702.11      View  14      Downloads  8
Abstract
Waste water has been identified as a widespread problem in all categories of dense settlements in Africa due to poor or absence of waste management. Beauty salons generate large amount of waste water and its indiscriminate discharge into water drains in Nigeria predisposes home gardens and water sources for irrigation to contamination, thus having contact with crops and affecting their growth. In view of this, two widely grown field and home garden vegetables in Nigeria, Abelmoschus esculentus L. (Okra) and Telfairia occidentalis HOOK F. (Fluted pumpkin), treated with beauty salon wastewater (BSWW) were assessed for growth. The plants were cultivated in experimental pots and irrigated with 0(control), 25, 50, 75 or 100% concentration of the wastewater. The experiment lasted for eight weeks and laid out in a completely randomized (CRD) design with each treatment having 6 single-plant replicates. The height of both plants increased significantly at 25-75% concentrations of BSWW when wastewater-treated plants were compared with the control. T. occidentalis produced significantly (p≤0.05) more number of leaves at 50% BSWW than the control when plants irrigated with waste water were compared with the control. The highest increase in number of A. esculentus leaves was also significant at 75% BSWW concentration. Significant (p≤0.05) increase in leaf area of T. occidentalis was recorded at 75% concentration of BSWW with 78.83cm2 compared to 48.85cm2 in the control. Similarly, A. esculentus had the highest value of leaf area that was significant at 75% concentration of wastewater when plants exposed to waste water treatment were compared with the control. At 25-75% concentrations of BSWW, a significant (p≤0.05) increase in stem girth of both plants was recorded relative to plants without wastewater treatment. The use of beauty salon wastewater in irrigation of vegetables can serve as an alternative source of fertilizer for improved growth.
Keywords
Beauty Salon Wastewater, Pollution, Fertilizer, Vegetable Production
To cite this article
Akinbuwa Olumakinde, Kekere Otitoloju, Ezemba Constance, Growth of Abelmoshus esculentus L. (Okra) and Telfairia occidentalis Hook F. (Fluted Pumpkin) Treated with Beauty Salon Wastewater, American Journal of BioScience. Vol. 7, No. 2, 2019, pp. 31-37. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbio.20190702.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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